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President

The President of the Constitutional Court shall be elected by secret ballot for a term of 3 years, with the majority of votes of judges of the Court (art.136 para. (3) of the Constitution of RM, art. 7 para. (1) of the Law on the Constitutional Court). If in the first round of elections the candidates for President of the Constitutional Court do not meet the majority of votes, the second round is be held and president will be elected the judge who will obtain the largest number of votes. If in the second round of elections the candidates meet the same number of votes, the president will be elected by drawing lots among the candidates. The Constitutional Court elects a judge who will perform the duties of the President during his/her absence (art. 7 para. (3), (4), (5) of the Law on the Constitutional Court).

The President of the Constitutional Court:

  • convenes the Constitutional Court and presides over its meetings;
  • coordinates the activity of the Constitutional Court and assigns cases for settlement;
  • represents the Constitutional Court is the public authorities nationally and internationally;
  • ascertains the cases of termination of the mandate of judge under this law, and informs the public authority that appointed him/her as judge for the vacant position;
  • conducts overall the Secretariat of the Constitutional Court, hires and dismisses the employees of the Secretariat under the employment contract;
  • submits for approval to the Constitutional Court the regulations of the Court Secretariat, the chart, its organizational chart, the regulations of the Scientific and Advisory Council of the Constitutional Court, approves the regulations of the Secretariat departments;
  • performs other duties stipulated by the Law on the Constitutional Court and the Constitutional Jurisdiction Code, other legal acts.

The President of the Constitutional Court managers the Court's financial means within the approved budget.
  
In the distribution of cases for settlement, the President of the Court orders to transmit the complaint for preliminary examination within the established deadline to:

  • one or several judges of the Court; or
  • a subunit of the Secretary or an assistant judge.

The order of the President of the Constitutional Court is legalized in a special form. After the Constitutional Court decides to receive for examination the complaint and its inclusion in the agenda, the President of the Constitutional Court appoints a judge as rapporteur, fixes the deadline for the examination of the complaint and of submission of the report, which shall not be less than 60 days from the registration date of complaint. If a large amount of inquiries is required, this term may be extended by 30 days.

The President of the Constitutional Court requests the judge-rapporteur to provide information about the preparation of the file for review, determines who will be invited to the meeting, gives directions regarding the referral of materials to judges and participants in the process and in their information about the place, date and time of the meeting.


The judicial proceedings are conducted by the President of the Court. The indications of the presiding judge must be followed by participants in the process and others persons present in the room. He/she is entitled to:

  • interrupt after formal notice any participant in the process, exclude any question and explanation which does not relate to the case, to the process or to the competence of the Constitutional Court;
  • deny the right to speak of the participant that violates the regulations of debates, does not have a disciplined behaviour, violates other rules of procedure of the constitutional jurisdiction;
  • order the removal of any person from the room who violates the order and does not comply with his/her directions

The presiding judge conducts the deliberation of the judges of the Constitutional Court in the council chamber, ensures the free examination of opinions.

Education
2015 - Habilitated Doctor in Law, Free International University of Moldova, Chișinău, Moldova
(Title of the thesis: The positive and negative obligations of the state in light of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms);

2006 - PhD in Law, Law Faculty, State University, Chișinău, Moldova
(Title of the thesis: The legal conduct and justice);

1983-1988 - BA in Law, Law Faculty, State University, Chișinău, Moldova;

2003 - Studies in refugees' rights, Academy of European Law, Trier, Germany;

2000 - Trainee at the European Court of Human Rights, Strasbourg, France;

2000 - Human rights studies, National School for the Judiciary, Paris, France;

1995 - Human rights studies, National School for the Judiciary, Paris, France.

Judicial activity
16 March 2018 - present - Judge and President of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Moldova;

1 May 2012 - present - Ad-hoc judge of the European Court of Human Rights;

1 May 2012 - 16 March 2018 - Judge and President of the Supreme Court of Justice of the Republic of Moldova;

1 May 2008 - 1 May 2012 - Judge of the European Court of Human Rights, Strasbourg, France;

1999 - Awarded the superior degree of qualification as a judge;

2004 - present - Arbitrator of the Court of Conciliation and Arbitration within the OSCE, representative of the Republic of Moldova;

2003-2008 - Judge, and starting with 2005 - Vice-President of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Moldova, Chair of the Civil and administrative panel;

1996-2003 - Judge and Vice-President of the Court of Appeal of the Republic of Moldova;

1995-1996 - Judge and President of the Court of Law of Central District, Chișinău;

1989-1995 - Judge and Vice-President of the Court of Law of Buiucani, Chișinău;

1988-1989 - Trainee judge at the Court of Law of Rîșcani, Chișinău.

Non-judicial activity
2015 - Associate professor, University of European Political and Economic Studies "Constantin Stere", Chișinău, Moldova;

1998 - 2005 - Member and President of the College of Qualifications and Selection of the Judges under the Superior Council of Magistrates;

2005 - 2008, 2012 - present - Member of the Superior Council of Magistrates;

2000 - 2008 - Member of the Consultative Council of European Judges of the Council of Europe;

2002 - 2008 - Vice-President and President of the Association of Judges of the Republic of Moldova;

1989 - 2008 - Lecturer at the Law Faculty of the State University of Moldova, practical courses in civil law;

1998 - 2002 - Lecturer of civil law and human rights, Training Centre, Ministry of Justice;

1998 - 2002 - Lecturer of civil law and human rights, Law Centre of Advocates;

1998 - 2002 - Expert, United Nations Development Program (UNDP);

2001 - 2003 - Member of the jury, "Soros-Moldova" Foundation, Department of Public Administration and Law;

2001 - present - Member of the publishing board of Private Law Review;

2013 - present - Member of the publishing house of the National Institute of Justice Review;

2007 - present - member of Scientific Council of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Moldova;

2012 - present - Trainer at the National Institute of Justice in European law - human rights dimension;

2014 - present - Lecturer at the Law Faculty of the State University of Moldova, Human Rights course;

2014 - present - Member of the Quality Assurance Committee, Law Faculty, State University of Moldova;

2015 - 2016 - Chair of the Council of Institutional Strategic Development, University of European Studies of Moldova;

2014 - present - Member of the Senate of the Free International University of Moldova, Chișinău, Moldova;

2017 - present - full professor, Free International University of Moldova, the course on "European human rights protection". 

Practical and scientific publications
Manualul judecătorului pentru cauze civile, 2nd edition, edition coordinator, co-author, Publishing house Tipografia Centrală, Chişinău, 2013;

Jurisprudenţa Curţii Supreme de Justiţie, 2012 year, edition coordinator, co-author,  Publishing house Tipografia Centrală, Chişinău, 2013;

Manualul judecătorului pentru cauze penale, edition coordinator, co-author, Publishing house Tipografia Centrală, Chişinău, 2013;

Modele de acte judecătoreşti, procedura civilă, 3rd edition, edition coordinator, Publishing house Tipografia Centrală, Chişinău, 2014;

Modele de acte procedurale în procesul penal, edition coordinator, Publishing house Tipografia Centrală, Chişinău, 2014;

Istoria Justiţiei, edition coordinator, co-author, Iaşi, Romania, Publishing house Tipografia Vasiliana 98, 2016;

Pregătirea cauzelor civile pentru dezbateri judiciare, edition coordinator, co-author, Publishing house Tipografia "Lexon-Prim", Chişinău, 2016;

Convenţia Europeană a Drepturilor Omului. Comentariu asupra hotărîrilor Curţii Europene a Drepturilor Omului versus Republica Moldova. Concluzii şi recomandări, edition coordinator, co-author, Publishing house Tipografia Centrală, Chişinău, 2017;

Modele de acte judecătoreşti în procesul contravenţional, edition coordinator, co-author, Publishing house Tipografia centrală, Chişinău, 2017;

Extrateritorialitatea Convenţiei europene a drepturilor omului: Obligaţii pozitive şi jurisdicţie (monography), Chişinău: Publishing house Tipografia Centrală, 2014;

Extraterritoriality of the European Convention on Human Rights: positive obligations and jurisdiction (monography), Iaşi, România: Publishing house Tipografia Vasiliana 98, 2015;

Convenţia europeană a drepturilor omului: obligaţii pozitive şi negative (monography), Chişinău: Publishing house Tipografia Centrală, 2015;

Positive and negative obligations of the state under the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (monography), Iaşi, Romania: Publishing house Tipografia Vasiliana 98, 2015;

Axe valorice fundamentale ale conduitei legale, National Law Review, no. 2, 2006, Chişinău;

Argumentarea imunității judecătorului în realitatea juridică națională, Revista națională de drept, 2012, no. 11 (146), Chișinău;

Obligaţiile pozitive ale Statelor-Părţi la Convenţia Europeană pentru apărarea drepturilor omului şi a libertăţilor fundamentale, Universul ştiinţelor juridice, 2014, no. 3, Sankt-Petersburg, Russia (in Russian);

Îndeplinirea obligaţiilor în virtutea CEDO în circumstanţe de conflict armat: acţiunile efectivului militar străin în Irak, Punctul critic - idea europeană, 2015, no. 4, București, Romania;

Aplicarea extrateritorială a CEDO în circumstanţe de conflict armat: susţinerea regimurilor separatiste, Pro Est Review, 2015, no. 4, Craiova, Romania;

Respectarea obligațiilor pozitive și negative potrivit CEDO în circumstanțe de conflict armat: cazul Ciprului,  Revista moldovenească de drept internaţional şi relaţii internaţionale, 2015, no. 1;

Obligații extrateritoriale ale statelor-părți la tratatele în domeniul drepturilor omului, Revista „Administrarea Publică", 2015 (co-author);

Excepții de la obligația de protecție în lumina jurisprudenței Curții europene a drepturilor omului, Revista Institutului Naţional al Justiţiei, 2015, no. 1 (32), Chișinău;

Obligaţiile pozitive ce reies din conţinutul art. 8 al Convenției europene a drepturilor omului: respectarea vieţii de familie, Revista moldovenească de drept internaţional şi relaţii internaţionale, 2015, no. 2, Chișinău;

Obligaţiile pozitive ce reies din conţinutul art. 8 al Convenției europene a drepturilor omului: respectarea vieţii private, Revista Institutului Naţional al Justiţiei, 2015, no. 2 (33), Chișinău;

Obligaţiile negative ale statelor şi garanţiile procedurale în temeiul Convenției europene a drepturilor omului,  Revista Institutului Naţional al Justiţiei, 2015, no. 3 (34), Chișinău;

Obligaţii extrateritoriale ale statelor-părţi la tratatele în domeniul drepturilor omului, "Administrarea Publică" Review, 2015, no. 3, Chișinău;

Acţiunile efectivelor militare străine în Irak sub imperativele CEDO, "Punctul Critic" Review, 2016, no. 1 (15) Bucureşti, Romania.

Languages
Romanian - mother tongue

French - fluent

English - good

Russian - fluent

 
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